In 1899, the Italian Prince Luigi Amedeo setup an expedition towards the North Pole. In the spring he arrived in the Norwegian capital Christiania (the present day Oslo) with 10 companions.The duke acquired the ship Jason, a steam whaler of 570 tons. Renamed Stella Polare (“Pole Star”) the ship took the expedition through the frozen sea. On the 12th of June they headed for Archangel.
Prince Luigi Amedeo established a winter camp on the Rudolf-Island. The expedition was to start at the end of the Arctic Night, but the duke lost two fingers during winter because of the cold, which made it impossible for him to join the trip by sled. He left the command over the pole expedition to Captain Cagni. On 11 March 1900 Cagni left the camp and reached latitude 86° 34’ on 25th of April, setting a new record by beating Nansen’s result of 1895 by 35 to 40 kilometres. Cagni barely managed to return to the camp on June 23rd. On 16th of August the Stella Polare left the Rudolf-Island heading south and the expedition returned to Norway. During the expedition the northern coast of Rudolf-Island and two other islands were explored and measured.